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What is First Aid ? Rules of First Aid

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What is First Aid ? Rules of First Aid :, How to stop bleeding ( two methods ) Skilled temporary assistance at the time of emergency with the materials available on the spot until the medical aid is available

What is First Aid ?

Skilled temporary assistance at the time of emergency with the materials available on the spot until the medical aid is available

object:

1) to preserve life

2) to prevent aggravation

3) to promote recovery

Scope:

1) Diagnosis - by signs, symptoms and history

2) Treatment - breathing, bleeding shock ( then others )

3) Disposal - transport in a suitable method to hospital

Rules of First Aid :

1) Go quickly to the accident place

2) Calm and methodical way of examining

3) Priority for breathing, bleeding and shock

4) Use first Aid equipment ; if not available improvise

5) Note the area and weather - live wire, fallen walls, fire, gas, rain, hot sun, cold breeze etc.,

6) Keep off the crowd with the help of bystanders-send information to relatives and hospital

7) Reassure the casualty

8) Arrange for transport to hospital

Important Qualification

1) Sympathy

2) Resourceful

3) Discriminate

4) Tactful


How to stop bleeding ( two methods )

1. Direct pressure :

If the wound is small, clean your thumb and apply pressure over the wound- if a little big wound clean your palm and apply pressure over the wound or apply a folded handkerchief and press.

2. Indirect Pressure:

(Pressure points and constrictive bandage ) Pressure point is a place where an artery is coming to the surface

Pressure points:

1. Carotid artery - on either side of the wind pipe

2. Subclavian artery - behind inner side of collar bone

3. Brachial artery - inner side of biceps muscles

4. Femoral artery - in the groin in front of hip

Constrictive bandage : Amputated limb or very severe bleeding, Tie a narrow bandage around the limb - apply on upper arm inner side middle, or on thigh middle - only on a single bone. Place the bandage on the top, cross behind, bring to front apply a knot, place a stick and apply another knot, twist the stick until the bleeding stops - lossen once in 20 minutes for half a minute and reapply - put a label with time when sending to hospital, inform doctor

Abdominal injury : Lay on his back - raise head and shoulders - keep the knees bent - do not try to replace the organs cover with clean cloth - do not give anything by mouth - remove to hospital quickly

Sucking wound : Deep wound in the chest wall - air being sucked in and blown out, This is dangerous - Cover the wound with pad and bandage firmly - air should not go through this

Bleeding from nose : Sit in front of air, head thrown slightly forward, undo tight clothing. breath by mouth, pinch his nose, for 10 minutes do not blow the nose

Bleeding from ear : This indicates fracture in vase of skull. keep head slightly raise - do not plug the ear - invline the affected side ( injured side low ) apply a dry dressing and bandage lightly

Varicose Veins : In the leg- Valves in veins fail to act and there is back pressure and veins enlarge-Lay flat raise the leg apply pad and bandage - keep the leg raised and transport

Bruises : Capillary haemorrhage beneath skin ( contused wound ) apply cold compress

Dressings and Bandages : Dressing is a covering to a wound, 1. to protect a wound , 2. to prevent infection. 3. to control bleeding 4 to ease pain

Dry dressing : Sterilized gause, lint, pad and pandage

Wet Dressing : Cold compress to ease pain, swelling and for internal bleeding

Antiseptic : Is a chemical which prevents germs-do not strain, burn or irritate - saline solution may be used

Cleaning a Wound : With clean water - from the center away from the wound

Bandages : Triangular bandage- point base, sides, and ends

Roller Bandage: to keep the dressing in position....

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